Children who have at least one mother or father who smokes have 5.5 times higher levels of cotinine Children who have at least one mother or father who smokes have 5.5 times higher levels of cotinine, a byproduct of nicotine, in their urine, regarding to a scholarly research published online before print in Archives of Disease in Childhood. Having a mom that smokes was discovered to have the biggest independent effect on cotinine in the urine , quadrupling it. Having a smoking father doubled the amount of cotinine, one of chemicals produced when your body reduces nicotine from inhaled smoke cigarettes to get rid of it.Roll Call: Health Care: From Lab To The Patient Sometime this summer, experts funded by a fresh middle at the National Institutes of Health will begin trying to construct a fresh tool to test whether drugs are likely to be safe in humans. If successful, the technique could significantly shorten the time it requires for drug developers to figure out whether something can pass the initial test facing a proposed therapy -; whether it’ll end up hurting the patients that it’s intended to help . This content was reprinted from kaiserhealthnews.org with permission from the Henry J. Kaiser Family members Foundation.